Tinnitus is a phenomenon characterized by constant ringing, hissing, static and other sounds that we hear in one or both ears.
Why do we sometimes hear ringing in the ears and how can it be avoided?
It can be caused by ear infections, stress, infections of the nasopharynx, age-related hearing loss, abnormal growth of the ear bones, blood vessel abnormalities, and a whole host of neurological disorders.
However, the most common cause of this unpleasant phenomenon is prolonged exposure to excessive noise above 70 dB. These causes can also lead to partial hearing loss.
Tinnitus can also be caused by medications such as strong antibiotics and malaria tablets. Medicines containing quinine can also cause tinnitus in the ears.
But if you take them in small doses and not for a long time, the tinnitus will disappear. The same effect can be caused by a small group of strong special antibiotics: streptomycin and gentamicin
Ringing in your ears does not mean that you are losing your hearing.
The surface of the cochlea in the inner ear is covered with thousands of tiny cells that vibrate under the influence of sound waves.
These vibrations are converted into electrical signals at the hair root, forming a neural feedback loop that is controlled by the brain. This neural loop enables us to distinguish the smallest nuances of sound in a melody.
When these hairs are damaged or killed by repetitive loud sounds, the main neurons are still active and send a false signal to the brain that the sound exists, which is not the case.
What to do to avoid tinnitus.
First, try not to get sick or have complications. Secondly, take the necessary precautions when you attend concerts or nightclubs or work with drills and other loud instruments.
You can also buy a special hearing aid, which is a kind of filter that does not let sounds above the cutoff frequencies pass. However, it can only be used with your doctor’s permission.
You can also choose headphones that isolate you from background noise but do not absorb all sounds.
What is the treatment for tinnitus?
Your doctor will treat any abnormalities in the blood vessels and remove excess earwax. If medications are contributing to your tinnitus, your doctor may change your prescriptions to restore normal hearing.
Drug therapy may also help reduce ringing in the ears. Tricyclic antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications, including Xanax, amitriptyline, and nortriptyline, can reduce ringing in the ears in some cases.
Side effects may include.
However, not everyone responds to drug therapy and side effects can be bothersome. Side effects of medications used to treat tinnitus may include:
In rare cases, these medications can also cause heart problems.